Mark Twain described Hawaii as "the loveliest fleet of islands that lies anchored in any ocean." Hawaii is the most remote island group
in the world, at 2,397 miles from the nearest continent and 2,400 miles from the Marquesas Islands. It’s the northernmost group in what
commonly called Polynesia. This shouldn’t keep you from going there, though!! There are 8 major islands, the Big Island, Maui, Molokai,
Lanai, Oahu, Kauai, and Ni'ihau and over 120 other small islands and atolls that stretch for 1,523 miles across the central Pacific Ocean.
The islands have developed into a unique environment of tropical enticements and melting pot of cultures. Hawaii is a geological
wonder, encompassing within its shores a wide variety of climates and ecosystems. Hawaii’s diverse natural scenery, warm tropical
climate, abundance of public beaches and oceanic surrounding, and active volcanoes make it a popular destination for tourists,
surfers, biologists, and volcanologists alike. All major US airlines, and many international carriers, fly direct to Honolulu
International Airport, the capital of Hawaii. Due to the growing popularity of the Big Island many airlines are now also offering
direct flights to Kailua-Kona from many west coast cities. This increase in flights has made it extremely convenient for many to
quickly escape the hustle of their daily lives and relax on one of the most laid back islands of Hawaii that has so much variety
to offer. Take a look at our vacation properties that will give you an unforgettable experience only a short 5 hours from most
cities on the west coast.
The earliest habitation supported by archaeological evidence dates to as early as 300 CE, probably by Polynesian settlers
from the Marquesas, followed by a second wave of migration from Raiatea and Bora Bora in the 11th century. The first recorded
European contact with the islands was in 1778 by British explorer James Cook. James Cook landed on the Big Island of Hawaii
and a wonderful snorkeling and diving bay has been named after him. The bay is definitely worthy of a visit on your next
vacation to Hawaii. During the 1780s and 1790s, native chiefs were often fighting for power, and in 1795 all territories were
subjugated under a single ruler, King Kamehameha the Great.
Integration with the USA
After the death of King Kamehameha V, who did not leave an heir, riots broke out in 1874 which led to the
landing of U.S. troops. On January 14, 1893, a group of mostly Euro-American business leaders and residents
formed a Committee of Safety to overthrow the Kingdom and seek annexation by the United States, which did not
come about. After William McKinley won the presidential election in 1896, Hawaii's annexation to the U.S. was
again discussed. Despite the opposition of a majority of Native Hawaiians, the Newlands Resolution was used to
annex the Republic to the United States and it became the Territory of Hawaii. In 1900, Hawaii was granted
self-governance and despite several attempts to become a state, Hawaii remained a territory for sixty years.
In the 1950s the power of the plantation owners was finally broken by descendants of immigrant laborers.
Because they were born in a U.S. territory, they were legal U.S. citizens. Expecting to gain full voting
rights, Hawaii's residents actively campaigned for statehood. In March 1959, Congress passed the Hawaii Admission
Act and U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed it into law.
The state of Hawaii consists of eight main islands: Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Kahoolawe and
the Big Island of Hawaii. The Hawaiian Archipelago consists of over 130 scattered "islands" stretching some 1,600
miles in length from the Kure Atoll in the north to the Island of Hawaii in the south. The Big Island makes up over
4000 of the 6000 square miles encompassed in the major eight islands. Hawaii is the most isolated population center
on the face of the earth. Hawaii is 2,390 miles from California; 3,850 miles from Japan; 4,900 miles from China;
and 5,280 miles from the Philippines. From east to west Hawaii is the widest state in the United States.
It’s strange to think about it this way, but, basically, the Hawaiian Islands are the tops of the biggest mountain
range in the world. Under-sea volcanoes that erupted over the course of millions of years formed the islands of Hawaii.
At this point in time the Big Island has the only visibly active volcano. The Big Island was constructed by eruptions
of 5 major volcanoes: Kilauea, Mauna Loa, Mauna Kea, Hualalai and Kohala. Mauna Loa is the largest active volcano on
Earth. It’s really interesting to note that the tallest mountain in the world is located on the Big Island of Hawaii,
the Mauna Kea! Mauna Kea is 13,803 feet above sea level, but, a stunning 33,476 feet above its base on the floor of
the Pacific Ocean. It is in fact the world's tallest mountain by this measure, taller than Mount Everest, which
is the highest mountain above sea level. On your next stay on the Big Island it will be a great adventure to summit
Mauna Kea and visit the stunning views and surreal environment of thin and crystal clear air. Rest assured, you don’t
have to walk. A road leads you all the way to the top.
The wind blows from east to west...
The highest recorded temperature is 96F (Honolulu Airport), but temperatures
over 92F generally occur only once or twice a year. The lowest temperature (under 3000 feet altitude) is 56F.
Temperatures under 60F may occur but rarely more than once a year. The average daytime temperature in July is around
82F and 72F in January. The general Kona area on the Big Island has the absolute best weather consistently. The Big
Island also has four of the world six climates.
Hawaii is the only USA state that grows coffee. Kona coffee is the market name for a variety of coffees cultivated
on the slopes of Hualalai and Mauna Loa in the North and South Kona area of the Big Island of Hawaii. This coffee has
developed a reputation that has made it one of the most expensive and sought-after coffees in the world. Only coffee
from the Kona Districts can be legally described as "Kona". The Kona weather pattern of bright sunny mornings, humid
rainy afternoons and mild nights creates favorable coffee growing conditions. But, it’s not only coffee that makes
Hawaii famous. Pineapples have been part of Hawaiian history for well over a century. The pineapple is an herbaceous
perennial which grows to 3 to 5 feet tall. In appearance, the plant itself has a short, stocky stem with tough, waxy
leaves. As part of the process of creating its fruit the plant usually produces up to 200 flowers, or sometimes more.
Once it flowers, the individual fruits of the flowers join together to create what is commonly referred to as a
pineapple. Originally the plant is indigenous to South America and was introduced to Hawaii by John Kidwell. Large-scale
pineapple cultivation on Hawaii by U.S. companies began in the early 1900s. Among the most famous and influential pineapple
industrialists was James Dole who moved to Hawaii in 1899 to start a pineapple plantation. The first plantations started
on the island of Oahu in 1901. Maui Pineapple Company began pineapple cultivation on the island of Maui in 1909.